The construction industry has experienced growth over the years. Creativity and innovation has played a major role in developing new construction designs and skills that display a modern system of operation. With these changes, there are more skilled roles that have become live within the industry. Construction surveying is one of the major skilled labour required at any construction site. All the duties of this position are centred at providing clients value for their money while maintaining the strict regulations that control and govern all aspects of the construction industry. Below are some functions played by construction surveyors you should learn as you consider starting your construction project.
Determination of Coordinate System by Surveyors in Construction
Performance of land and other types of surveys is always based on geodesic coordinate system. The situation is different when dealing with construction survey process. In this case, the surveyor has to convert the geodesic coordinates to a coordinate system that is suitable for the construction project.
Building Grids: An arbitrary system of grids is set to correspond to rows and columns in construction of buildings. In addition, the arbitrary system has to correspond well with walls that bear the major loads of the building. The grids are identified by surveyors either numerically in one direction or alphabetically in the other direction. The basement and floor levels of the construction are also numbered in detail.
Construction surveyors actively engage in the flowing actions when performing their duties;
- Preparing and maintaining maps, reports, sketches, and legal descriptions of the surveys in order to describe the process, certify it, and assume any form of liability for the work performed,
- Verifying the accuracy of survey data presented including the calculations and measurements made at the construction site,
- Conducting or directing surveys to come up with the legal boundaries of the property under construction basing on legal documents like title deeds,
- Recording results from surveys including the location, elevation, dimensions, shape, and contour of the area under construction,
- Calculating exact property lines, heights, relative positions, and other characteristics of the construction site.
Geographic Information Systems
Construction surveyors constantly create and store information concerning geographic land on which people live. This includes details about land usage, land valuation, land ownership, topography, and many others. Once collected, this information is kept up to date through administrative functions and local government bodies. The information can be easily obtained from one source when a survey is about to be conducted.